Recognizing the Birth of the Modern United States Coast Guardby Representative Bradley Byrne
Posted on 2015-01-28
in the house of representatives
Wednesday, January 28, 2015
Mr. BYRNE. Mr. Speaker, I rise today to highlight an important
occasion, the creation of the modern-day United States Coast Guard
(USCG). The important designation was made official by President
Woodrow Wilson on January 28, 1915, when he signed into law the ``Act
to Create the Coast Guard,'' merging the Revenue Cutter Service with
the U.S. Life-Saving Service.
The origins of the present-day Coast Guard can be traced back to August 4, 1790, when President George Washington signed the Tariff Act to empower ten United States ships to enforce trade laws and reduce smuggling. The USCG is one of the oldest organizations of the federal government and was the only armed force patrolling the seas until the Navy Department was established in 1798.
Over its long and storied history, the USCG has acquired various responsibilities from maintaining the country's tools for maritime navigation to handling merchant marine licensing and merchant vessel safety. Additionally, the USCG is the nation's frontline of defense from threats at sea and is dedicated to saving lives, one of its most important functions.
Mr. Speaker, I come from an area that truly understands the important work the Coast Guard does on a daily basis. Mobile, Alabama, located in my Congressional district, is home to the Guard Aviation Training Center and also the USCG Sector Mobile Base. The Aviation Center acts as the Coast Guard's aviation and capabilities development center and also conducts traditional Coast Guard air station missions including search and rescue, homeland security, and environmental protection.
I am proud of all the brave men and women who serve in this essential organization, and I encourage all Americans to take some time to reflect on the sacrifices these people have made for our great country.