Preserving the Welfare Work Requirement and Tanf Extension Act of 2013by Representative David G. Reichert
Posted on 2013-03-13
in the house of representatives
Wednesday, March 13, 2013
Mr. REICHERT. Mr. Speaker, in addition to Chairman Camp's arguments
against the Motion to Recommit, the following are additional reasons
for opposing this motion.
1. Totally unnecessary and obviously political. The States already have complete flexibility to decide which needy families with children to cover. So States can and should place a priority on the groups the MTR specified--the unemployed, veterans, victims of violence, grandparents, as well as anyone caring for children with financial need. Democrats argued in the general debate on H.R. 890 that States should be trusted when it comes to the work requirements and that States should have virtually unlimited flexibility in implementing them. Why do they think in their MTR that States cannot be trusted when it comes to the even more elemental issue of whom to cover with TANF assistance? The answer is the MTR is an obviously political statement in search of a problem.
2. Potentially harmful. Current law includes a broad provision allowing States to screen for and identify victims of domestic violence and then create special programs and services designed to address their needs, such as waiving time limits, child support cooperation and related requirements as appropriate. Many States have done so. The MTR, coming afterward, suggests that ``Nothing in this Act shall prohibit or limit'' States from ``providing assistance, job opportunities, or educational training'' for ``women who are victims of domestic violence.'' Why is this necessary? Are the current law protections applied by States, which would be extended for nine months under H.R. 890, not sufficient? Are States implementing them poorly or not at all? The MTR does not say. But given that the current protections afforded by States may be broader than the short list of protections in the MTR, is the MTR supposed to be limiting on States in terms of how and what they provide in terms of special help for such individuals? Again, the MTR does not say, creating confusion and potentially narrowing protections for a sensitive group.
3. Restoring the individual entitlement to welfare benefits-- regardless of income? The MTR suggests a fundamental change in the nature of the TANF program. States must now spend TANF funds on ``needy'' families with children, with States defining financial need. However, the MTR suggests that ``Nothing in this Act'' (which if added to the underlying bill would mean effectively the TANF program) ``shall prohibit or limit'' States from providing ``assistance'' to ``unemployed parents'' or ``grandparents'' caring for the children of individuals in, or who died while serving in, the Armed Forces. It does not State that such adults and families must be ``needy.'' While many of these families will no doubt be ``needy'' by States'' definition, not all will be. Yet the MTR says that all must receive ``assistance'' (which generally means a welfare check) from the TANF program. Is it really the intention of the authors of the MTR to require the payment of welfare checks to families that are not ``needy''? This smacks of a return to the pre-TANF era when there was an individual entitlement to welfare benefits in Federal law, which was a key impediment to States' engaging low-income families in work and productive activities needed to help them support themselves. Even worse, especially given the capped nature of TANF funds, requiring States to provide welfare checks to households in which one parent may be unemployed, for example, while the other works full-time in a high-paying job, would certainly diminish funds available to assist truly needy families with children.
4. Points to other key flaws in the Administration's waiver proposal. When Ways and Means staff reviewed HHS internal documents about their waiver plan on February 8, 2013, one of the key findings was that HHS staff has long believed the Secretary has the authority not only to waive work requirements for welfare recipients, but also other key program features like time limits and even the requirement that States must limit TANF benefits to families that include children. Yet the MTR, whose supporters argued in support of the Administration's waiver authority, lists supposed protections for parents and grandparents caring for children. Which begs the question--do supporters of the Administration's waiver authority and MTR want to allow States to pay welfare checks to single adults without children, as the Administration believes it has the authority to do? Or do they think that TANF assistance should continue to be payable only to families with children, as current law provides and the MTR seems to suggest? ____________________