Introduction of the New Columbia Admission Actby Representative Eleanor Holmes Norton
Posted on 2015-01-13
of the district of columbia
in the house of representatives
Tuesday, January 13, 2015
Ms. NORTON. Mr. Speaker, I rise today to introduce the New Columbia
Admission Act with 93 original cosponsors, a record number. I am
introducing the District of Columbia statehood bill as my first bill
for the 114th Congress, an indication of its importance to the
residents of the District of Columbia. This bill got its first-ever
Senate hearing last Congress, ensuring that statehood is on the
congressional agenda. Residents were so encouraged by the prospect of
the first Senate hearing on our bill that more DC residents attended
than had come to any DC hearing in memory. Their enthusiasm reflects
that residents of our nation's capital have always been citizens of the
United States but remain the only taxpaying Americans who do not have
full and equal citizenship rights. The denial of local control of local
matters and of equal representation in the Congress of the United
States can be remedied only by statehood.
Therefore, I am introducing the New Columbia Admission Act to create a state from essentially the eight home-town wards of the District of Columbia. This 51st state, of course, would have no jurisdiction over the federal territory or enclave that now consists of the Washington that Members of Congress and visitors associate with the capital of our country. The U.S. Capitol premises, the principal federal monuments, federal buildings and grounds, the National Mall, and other federal property here would remain under federal jurisdiction. Our bill provides that the State of New Columbia would be equal to the other fifty states in all respects, as is always required, and the residents of New Columbia would have all the rights of citizenship as taxpaying American citizens, including two senators and, initially, one House member. The District of Columbia recognizes that it can enter the Union only on an equal basis and is prepared to do so.
The New Columbia Admission Act was the first bill I introduced after I was first sworn in as a Member of Congress in the 102nd Congress in 1991. Our first try for statehood received significant support in the House. In 1993, we got the first and only vote on statehood for the District, with nearly 60% of Democrats and one Republican voting for the New Columbia Admission Act. The Senate held a hearing on various approaches to representation, but the committee of jurisdiction did not proceed further. In the 113th Congress, our statehood bill got unprecedented momentum with the Senate's first-ever hearing on statehood, which was the first congressional hearing held on statehood in more than 20 years, since the House held its hearing on statehood in 1993, and obtained a record number of cosponsors in the House and Senate, including Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, as well as the other top three Democratic leaders in the Senate. In addition, President Obama endorsed DC statehood in a public forum before the statehood hearing was held.
Statehood is the only alternative for the citizens of the District of Columbia. To be content with less than statehood is to concede the equality of citizenship that is the birthright of our residents as citizens of the United States. That is a concession no American citizen has ever made, and one DC residents will not make as they approach the 214th year in their fight for equal treatment in their country. This bill reaffirms our determination to obtain each and every right enjoyed by citizens of the United States, by becoming the 51st State in the Union.