Honoring the 200Th Anniversary of the Township of Livingstonby Representative Rodney P. Frelinghuysen
Posted on 2013-01-25
of new jersey
in the house of representatives
Friday, January 25, 2013
Mr. FRELINGHUYSEN. Mr. Speaker, I rise today to honor the Township of
Livingston, Essex County, New Jersey, which is celebrating its
bicentennial in 2013.
Livingston's history can date back all the way to the year 1699, where settlers from Newark decided they wanted to move west. By 1702, the land that has come to be known as Livingston, as well as over eight currently neighboring municipalities, was officially purchased from the Lenape Native Americans. By 1740, many disputes over land ownership had [[Page E67]] begun in response to a lack of deed of purchase. William Livingston, a prominent proprietor, defended many victims of eviction and left a powerful mark on the area. His actions on behalf of the residents of the area, gave the eventual town of Livingston its name.
Following the Revolutionary War, the addition of permanent settlers to the area gave the people reason to file for incorporation as a township. On February 5th, 1813, Livingston was officially incorporated under the Township Committee system. Much of the original boundaries have been changed through the years, breaking off into towns such as Roseland and Millburn. Major industries of Livingston, during its early years, included lumber and farming. After the Civil War had concluded, Livingston became a chief producer of dairy and a commonplace for shoemakers to make their living. With only one major transportation route in and out of the town, the difficult travel method became a problem as easier accessible towns began to progress.
However, the population did eventually grow as the abundance of automobiles increased, providing easier access into the town. As a suburb of Newark, the end of the Second World War provided the town with a remarkable new group of people. By 1970 it had reached over 30,000 residents.
When the first schools were officially built 1898, they provided opportunity for children to stay in town to receive an education. This began to attract a great deal of families. During this period of expansion, the town began to take its shape. A volunteer fire department was established in 1922, followed by the creation of a Chief Police position in 1929. Two hospitals were opened in consecutive years between 1959 and 1960 complementing the construction of a library in 1961 and a municipal complex in 1963.
Volunteerism has been a cornerstone of Livingston and its citizens. Currently, there are over forty volunteer organizations that help the town function on a daily basis. Some of these organizations include the Livingston Municipal Alliance Committee, Veterans of Foreign War Posts, Holiday Committee, Neighborhood Grievance Committee, a Consumer Affairs Office, the Planning Board, the Zoning Board of Adjustment, and the Committee for Diversity. Additionally, as reiterated above, the Fire Department is a completely volunteer-based group of individuals along with Auxiliary Police and the First Aid Squad.
Livingston is the notable birthplace of several famous individuals including Governor Chris Christie, actor Jason Alexander, talk show host Chelsea Handler, Cleveland Cavaliers coach Byron Scott, and Super Bowl XLII hero, David Tyree.
As of 2013, over 28,000 people currently reside in Livingston. It provides a comfortable atmosphere for New York City commuters to come home to. With exceptional schools, services, and diversity, new residents continually flock to the township in order to take advantage of the benefits.
Mr. Speaker, I ask you and my colleagues to join me in congratulating the Township of Livingston as it celebrates its 200th anniversary.