100 Years of Women in Congress Actby Representative Rodney Davis
Posted on 2016-04-18
DAVIS of Illinois. Mr. Speaker, I move to suspend the
rules and pass the bill (H.R. 4570) to amend the Department of
Agriculture program for research and extension grants to increase
participation by women and underrepresented minorities in the fields of
science, technology, engineering, and mathematics to redesignate the
program as the ``Jeannette Rankin Women and Minorities in STEM Fields
The Clerk read the title of the bill.
The text of the bill is as follows: H.R. 4570 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``100 Years of Women in Congress Act''.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
Congress finds the following: (1) The first woman elected to Congress, Representative Jeannette Rankin from Montana, was elected on November 7, 1916, almost four years prior to ratification of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution giving women the right to vote.
(2) Jeannette Rankin was not only a pioneer in national electoral politics, she was also a pioneer as a woman in science, graduating from the University of Montana in 1902 with a Bachelor of Science degree in biology.
(3) 100 years after the election of Jeannette Rankin, 108 women serve in the 114th Congress, more than at any other time in our Nation's history. While this improvement is commendable, women hold only 20 percent of the seats in Congress, far below their relative share of the American electorate.
(4) According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, women make up 47 percent of the total U.S. workforce. Gains have been made in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields over time, but women still comprise only 39 percent of chemists and material scientists, 28 percent of environmental scientists and [[Page H1775]] geoscientists, 16 percent of chemical engineers, and 12 percent of civil engineers.
(5) More must be done to encourage women to run for elected office and to enter STEM fields.
SEC. 3. JEANNETTE RANKIN WOMEN AND MINORITIES IN STEM FIELDS PROGRAM.
Paragraph (7) of section 1672(d) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5925(d)(7)) is amended to read as follows: ``(7) Jeannette rankin women and minorities in stem fields program.--Research and extension grants may be made under this section to increase participation by women and underrepresented minorities from rural areas in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, with priority given to eligible institutions that carry out continuing programs funded by the Secretary. Any grant made under this paragraph shall be known and designated as a `Jeannette Rankin Women and Minorities in STEM Fields Program Grant'.''.
The SPEAKER pro tempore. Pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from Illinois (Mr. Rodney Davis) and the gentlewoman from Washington (Ms. DelBene) each will control 20 minutes.
The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Illinois.